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Akul B

Akul B

Qualification of Tutor: BE Subjects: History Hourly Rate: $6.00

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Studio photograph of Mohandas K. Gandhi, London, 1931.
Born
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
2 October 1869
Died 30 January 1948 (aged 78)
New Delhi, India
Cause of death Assassination (gunshot)
Monuments Raj Ghat, Gandhi Smriti
Nationality Indian
Other names Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu ji, Gandhi ji
Alma mater University College London (LL.B.)[1] Inner Temple
Occupation
  • Lawyer
  • Politician
  • Activist
  • Writer
Years active 1893–1948
Era British Raj
Known for Indian Independence Movement, Nonviolent resistance
Notable work
The Story of My Experiments with Truth
Office President of the Indian National Congress
Term 1924–1925
Political party Indian National Congress
Movement Indian independence movement
Spouse(s)
Kasturba Gandhi (m. 1883; died 1944)
Children
Parents
Signature
Signature of Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ˈɡɑːndi, ˈɡændi/;[2] 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer,[3] anti-colonial nationalist,[4] and political ethicist,[5] who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British Rule,[6] and in turn inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: "great-souled", "venerable"), first applied to him in 1914 in South Africa, is now used throughout the world.[7][8] Born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujaratwestern India, Gandhi was trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, and called to the bar at age 22 in June 1891. After two uncertain years in India, where he was unable to start a successful law practice, he moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit. He went on to stay for 21 years. It was in South Africa that Gandhi raised a family, and first employed nonviolent resistance in a campaign for civil rights. In 1915, aged 45, he returned to India. He set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.

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